Three Countries Accused of Using Child Labor in Diamond MinesSeptember 14, 09
Alluvial mining at Koidu,
These three countries are all diamond producing countries and do not have any meaningful manufacturing or diamond cutting operations. It is therefore understood that the child and forced labor is taking place in diamond mining in these countries.
The report also states that children are working in India’s gem industry and that child labor is heavily used in gold mining too. Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Colombia, DROC, Ecuador, Ghana, Guinea, Indonesia, Mali, Mongolia, Nicaragua, Niger, North Korea, Peru, Philippines, Senegal and Tanzania are listed in this connection.
In Burkina Faso, North Korea and Peru gold mining also includes forced labor.
Burma is accused of employing child and forced labor in its jade industry, while in Bolivia children are used in silver mining
The report, titled the List of Goods Produced by Child or Forced Labor is one of three reports on child labor and/or forced labor published by Department of Labor’s Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB).
It lists 122 goods from 58 countries that ILAB believes are produced by forced labor, child labor or both, in violation of international standards. The research is based on fifteen years of investigation, analysis and reporting on these issues.
The ILO estimates that 218 million children under the age of 18 work worldwide, 126 million of them in hazardous forms of work. Forced labor - people are working under the menace of penalty - covers all ages. They and include indentured labor.
The list of products includes agricultural goods such as cotton and tobacco, manufactured goods such as bricks and garments as well as mined or quarried goods such as diamonds and gold.
In addition, an unknown number of children are trapped in hidden and illicit forms of labor, such as drug trafficking, prostitution and pornography, which are not captured in these statistics. The ILO estimates there are 12.3 million persons – children and adults – trapped in forced labor around the world.